Từ Vựng IELTS Speaking – Topic 16: Environment

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Cùng Toppy tìm hiểu chủ đề ” Environment ” trong bộ từ vựng của 20 Topic thường xuất hiện trong kỳ thi IELTS Speaking . Toppy update hàng ngày cho các bạn trong thời gian tới. Các bạn nhớ theo dõi và học tập cùng Toppy nhé.

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IELTS Environment Vocabulary

  • air quality: không khí trong lành
  • to become extinct: trở nên tuyệt chủng
  • to be under threat: bị đe dọa ( có nguy co tuyệt chủng)
  • climate change: biến đổi khí hậu
  • to die out: chết đi
  • endangered species: các loài có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng
  • energy conservation: bảo toàn năng lượng
  • environmentally friendly: thân thiện với môi trường
  • exhaust fumes: khói thải
  • flash floods: lũ quét
  • fossil fuels: nguyên liệu hóa thạch ( khí đột, dầu dưới mặt đất hàng triệu năm)
  • future generations: thế hệ tương lai
  • to get back to nature: trở về với thiên nhiên 
  • global warming: sự nóng lên toàn cầu
  • heavy industry: công nghiệp nặng
  • humanitarian aid: viện trợ nhân đạo
  • impact on: tác động vào
  • loss of habitat: mất đi môi trường sống
  • man-made disaster: thảm họa do con người tạo ra
  • natural disaster: thảm họa thiên nhiên

natural environment: môi trường tự nhiên

  • the natural world: thế giới tự nhiên
  • oil spill: sự cố tràn dầu
  • poaching: săn bắt trộm
  • pollution levels: mức độ ô nhiễm
  • pressure group: nhóm lợi ích
  • toxic waste: chất thải độc hại
  • wildlife conservation: bảo tồn động vật hoang dã

Thông qua các ví dụ dưới đây các bạn sẽ hiểu hơn về cách sử dụng các cụm từ trong bài nói của mình nhé.

Part 1-style questions

Examiner: Are there any environmental problems in your country?
Kelly: Yes … we have a serious issue with pollution levels in some of our big cities …  exhaust fumes from cars and lorries are definitely one reason for the problem but we also have a lot of heavy industry in some areas and this also results in poor air quality  …

Examiner: Do you take an interest in nature?
Jenny: Well … I’m a city person through and through and don’t get back to nature very often I’m afraid … but like everyone else I’m fascinated by the natural world and I like watching documentaries showing wild animals in their natural habitat …

Examiner: Do you or your family take steps to help the environment?
Mira: My parents have always tried to make us aware of our impact on the environment…  they’re really into energy conservation … and always try to buy environmentally friendlyproducts if they have the chance …

Part 2-style task

Describe an environmental problem that has been in the news.  You should say

  • when this was
  • where the event happened
  • what actually took place

and say how you felt about this problem.

Martin:  Well … this is an interesting question … there are so many issues I could think of … natural disasters like earthquakes and floods seem to be in the news almost every year … but there was one story recently about some animals that were under threat … it wasn’t focused on one place in particular … it was looking at various animals that could actually become extinct in different African countries … if we don’t take steps to protect them … these were really iconic animals like gorillas … leopards … rhinos … and apparently they’re now listed as endangered species …  what made it really depressing was they were in danger thanks to us … in some cases it was due to a loss of habitat either because people need more agricultural production … or even worse I think … because of hunting and poaching … I hate to think of future generations being robbed of the chance to see creatures like these in their natural environment … it’s lucky we have lots of organisations that focus on wildlife conservation … hopefully with their help we can put pressure on those in power to do something to stop creatures like these dying out …

Part 3-style questions

Examiner:  What do you think is the main danger the world faces in terms of the environment?
Spencer: Well … climate change is a real issue … in my country we have flash floods and heatwaves on a yearly basis … so yes … I think global warming is the biggest issue.

Examiner: What examples are there of how we damage the natural world?
Stella: There are so many examples … there are factories that empty toxic waste into rivers and oceans … oil spills that damage the coastline …  the way we destroy vast areas of land and rain forests in search of fossil fuels or to increase agricultural production …

Examiner: In which ways do we respond well to environmental problems?
Mathius: Well … on the one hand there are various worldwide agencies that are always the first on the scene with humanitarian aid  after  natural  and man-made disasters … and on the other hand we have environmental pressure groups that are constantly raising awareness of issues and trying to stop disasters happening …

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