Có một nhà báo người anh nổi tiếng có tên là Harold Evans đã liệt kê ra được 30 từ ngữ gây nhầm lẫn và nhiều người đã lầm tưởng là chúng đồng nghĩa. Hãy đọc danh sách sau đây biết đâu chúng lại rất hữu dụng trong trường hợp bất kì như là kì thi IELTS thì sao.
01. affect / effect
affect: Bad weather affects my mood.
effect: The president affected several changes in the company.
02. alibi / excuse
alibi: The police broke her alibi by proving she knew how to shoot a pistol.
excuse: I can’t buy his excuse.
03. alternatives / choices
alternatives: New ways to treat arthritis may provide an alternative to painkillers.
choices: Our choices come down to staying here or leaving here.
04. anticipate / expect
anticipate: What Jeff did was to anticipate my next question.
expect: I expect that the weather will be nice.
05. flagrant / blatant
flagrant: The judge called the decision “a flagrant violation of international law.”
blatant: Outsiders will continue to suffer the most blatant discrimination.
06. chronic / acute / severe
chronic: For those with chronic depression, she said, “keep at it.”
acute: Acute dysentery wracked and sapped life from his body.
07. compose / comprise
compose: England, Scotland and Wales compose the island of Great Britain.
comprise: After the 2014 referendum on independence for Scotland, the UK still comprised England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales.
08. continual / continuous
continual: “No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual war,” Madison concluded.
continuous: Continuous farming impoverishes the soil.
09. crescendo / climax
crescendo: She spoke in a crescendo: “You are a bad girl! You are a wicked girl! You are evil!”
climax: The fifth scene was the climax of the play.
decimate: Famine decimated the population.
destroy: The soldiers destroyed the village.
dilemma: Many women are faced with the dilemma of choosing between work and family commitments.
problem: The problem of street crime is getting worse every year.
disinterested: A lawyer should provide disinterested advice.
uninterested: He was uninterested in politics.
13. entomb / trap
entomb: The city was entombed in volcanic lava.
trap: The train was trapped underground by a fire.
flotsam: The water was full of flotsam and refuse.
jetsam: The smallest bits of jetsam, like the most transient incidents in life, can be the most evocative.
forego: So she did his bidding and gave him the cup, which no sooner had he drunk than his head forewent his feet.
forgo: Sometimes this priority shift means you have to forgo one goal in exchange for another.
gourmet: Food critics have to be gourmets in order to write about food in an informed way.
gourmand: He’s the kind of gourmand who swallows food without even pausing to taste.
inchoate: She had a child’s inchoate awareness of language.
incoherent: The talk she gave was incoherent and badly prepared.
18. incumbent(noun.) / incumbent (adj.)
incumbent(noun.): The incumbent president faces problems that began many years before he took office.
incumbent (adj.): She felt it was incumbent on herself to act immediately.
19. inflammable / flammable
inflammable: Petrol is a highly inflammable liquid.
flammable: This solvent is flammable.
20. insidious / invidious
insidious: Cancer is an insidious disease.
invidious: The boss made invidious distinctions between employees.
judicial: a judicial inquiry
judicious: We should make judicious use of the resources available to us.
22. less / fewer
less: We must try to spend less money.
fewer: Fewer people smoke these days than used to.
23. litigate / dodge
litigate: The case is still being litigated.
dodge: He dodged the bullet.
luxuriant: Tall, luxuriant plants grew along the river bank.
luxurious: They have a very luxurious house.
prescribe: The doctor prescribed his patient who was down with fever.
proscribe: The sale of narcotics is proscribed by law.
26. refugee / migrant
Refugees: Refugees were pouring across the frontier.
migrant: The government divides asylum seekers into economic migrants and genuine refugees.
replica: Replica is the more valuable, for it is supposed to be more beautiful.
reproduction: This is a reproduction of popular religious painting.
skeptic: The skeptic may argue that there are no grounds for such optimism.
denier: He is a denier of harsh realities.
transpire: Later, it transpired she had failed the examination.
happen: ‘It just happened.’ she said, after failing her exam.
viable: Cash alone will not make Eastern Europe’s banks viable.
feasible: She questioned whether it was feasible to stimulate investment in these regions.
31 (bonus). viral / viral
viral: I can’t believe that video of our puppy lounging on a pool float went viral!
viral: Some viral proteins do good.