Từ Vựng IELTS Speaking – Topic 12: Weather

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IELTS Weather Vocabulary

  • to be below freezing: dưới mức đóng băng
  • bitterly cold: lạnh ngắt ( rất lạnh )
  • a blanket of snow: một lớp tuyết phủ đầy
  • boiling hot: siêu nóng
  • changeable: thay đổi thường xuyên ( thời tiết)
  • a change in the weather: thay đổi thời tiết
  • clear blue skies: trời quang không có mây
  • to clear up: khi mây và mưa biến mất
  • to come out (the sun): khi mặt trời xuất hiện trên bầu trời nhiều mây
  • a cold spell: một thời gian ngắn của thời tiết lạnh
  • to dress up warm: mặc ấm
  • a drop of rain: hạt mưa 
  • a flash flood: lũ quét
  • freezing cold: lạnh cóng
  • to get caught in the rain: mắc mưa
  • to get drenched: ướt đẫm
  • heatstroke: say nắng
  • a heatwave: sốc nhiệt
  • heavy rain: mưa nặng hạt
  • long-range forecast: dự báo thời tiết trong khoảng thời gian dài
  • mild climate: khí hậu ôn hòa
  • mild winter: mùa đông đặc biệt lạnh
  • not a cloud in the sky: = clear blue skies
  • to pour down: mưa to
  • to be rained off: bị hủy do mưa hoặc thời tiết xấu
  • sunny spells: khoảng thời gian nắng ngắn
  • thick fog: sương mù dày đặc
  • torrential rain = heavy rain : Mưa xối xả
  • tropical storm: Bão nhiệt đới
  • weather forecast: Dự báo thời tiết

Thông qua các ví dụ dưới đây các bạn sẽ hiểu hơn về cách sử dụng các cụm từ trong bài nói của mình nhé.

Part 1-style questions

Examiner: What’s the weather like in your country?
Katie: It’s quite changeable really … we have periods of time with clear blue skies then all of a sudden we’ll have torrential rain.

Examiner: Which months have the best weather in your country?
Ernst: Well … I suppose it’s a matter of personal taste really … I like it around the end of October and November … I’m not fond of the heatwaves we often get during the summer … it’s not freezing cold during these months and we still get lots of sunny spells.

Examiner: Does it bother you much when it rains?
Junko: It depends … if I get caught in the rain and I get drenched I don’t like it … but I’m a gardener so a drop of rain is good for my plants.

Part 2-style task

Describe a time when you experienced extreme weather conditions. You should say

  • when this was
  • where you were
  • what the weather was like

and say how you felt about the experience.

I was studying English in a language school a few years ago … we were in Cornwall in the UK … we’d been enjoying lovely sunny days … not a cloud in the sky … when all of a sudden there was a change in the weather … we were in town walking around the shops when it started to pour down … I’d never seen such heavy rain before … within about 10 minutes the roads were full of water … I think they call it a flash flood … it was like being in the middle of a tropical storm … the water was almost up to my knees … the weather forecast hadn’t predicted it so everyone was taken by surprise … I’m not sure you could call it ‘extreme’ weather as a few hours later it started to clear up … the sun came out and slowly the water level went down … but a lot of people’s houses were flooded so it would have been extreme for them … I found it all quite exciting … in my country we generally have a very mild climate and don’t often get floods like this so it was quite an experience for me.

Part 3-style questions

Examiner:  Do you think the weather affects how people feel?
Tierre: Absolutely … yes … I don’t mind the occasional cold spell but I think the winter months can make you feel down. I hate having to leave the house in the winter … there’s often a thick fogevery morning and we sometimes get bitterly cold winds … the winter certainly makes me feel a little depressed … though having said that … it’s always nice to see the town covered in a blanket of snow.

Examiner: Do you think the weather is changing due to global warming?
Ceri: I don’t know if it’s due to global warming or not but the weather in my country is certainly changing … we’ve been getting quite mild winters lately … the temperatures are sometimes below freezing but only occasionally … and then during the summer it can get boiling hot with a lot of older people even suffering from heatstroke.

Examiner: In which ways are weather forecasts useful?
Sinita: Well … if you’re planning a trip or going on holiday it’s important to know whether you’ll need to dress up warm or take an umbrella … farmers need to know what the long-range forecast is so they can plan their work … I suppose people who organise outside events need to know as well in case things get rained off.


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